Bahārāt (Arabic: بهارات) is a spice mixture or blend used in Middle Eastern cuisine, especially in the Mashriq area, as well as in Turkish, Iranian, Kurdish and Israeli cuisine. Bahārāt is the Arabic word for 'spices' (the plural form of bahār 'spice'). The mixture of finely ground spices is often used to season lamb, fish, chicken, beef, and soups and may be used as a condiment.
Ingredients for a Gulf-style baharat Typical ingredients of baharat may include:
Allspice Black peppercorns Cardamom seeds Cassia bark Cloves Coriander seeds Cumin seeds Nutmeg Dried red chili peppers or paprika
Turkish baharat includes mint as the modal ingredient. In Tunisia, bharat refers to a simple mixture of dried rosebuds and ground cinnamon, often combined with black pepper. In the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, loomi (dried black lime) and saffron may also be used for the kebsa spice mixture (also called "Gulf baharat").
A recipe for baharat is a mixture of the following finely ground ingredients:
4 parts black pepper 3 parts coriander seeds 3 parts cinnamon 3 parts cloves 4 parts cumin seeds 1 part cardamom pods 3 parts nutmeg 6 parts paprika The mixture can be rubbed into meat or mixed with olive oil and lime juice to form a marinade.